Extract copied from “Lynn Advertiser” March 23rd, 1867
FEARFUL BOILER EXPLOSION AT WATLINGTON. EIGHT PERSONS KILLED.
On Tuesday morning, an agricultural engine, employed in thrashing wheat at Watlington, in a field adjoining the Magdalen road, and about 200 yards from the railway station, exploded with a terrific report, killing five men and boys on the spot, and so severely injuring seven more that two of them died a few hours afterwards and others were not expected to survive. The cause of the explosion is clearly ascertained to have been the monstrous, but, it is to be feared, very prevalent practice of tying down the safety valve, in order to get more work out of the engine than it was other wise capable of performing. The poor man who, no doubt was responsible for the act has paid with his life the penalty of his folly, and is therefore beyond the reach of blame; but it may be hoped the moral of his fate and that of his unfortunate companions will not be lost upon the members of that large class of men who have such engines, or steam engines of any kind under their charge.
The engine in question was a 7 horse-power portable high pressure engine made by Messrs Clayton and Shuttleworth, of Lincoln in the year 1856, and bearing the number 1927; and there is no reason to doubt that it was of sound material and workmanship, and perfectly safe with proper treatment. It was bought new of the makers by Mr John Bishop, farmer, Watlington, who had it in use until about eighteen months ago. It was then unused for about a twelvemonth, and early this winter Mr Bishop sold it to Mr John Chilvers, publican and dealer, Watlington. Since that time it had done a good deal of work in the neighbourhood, and during the last two months had been in pretty constant use. On Tuesday morning it was at work for Mr Wm. Easter, of Shouldham, on land above described, in his occupation; and fifteen persons, viz., twelve men and boys and three women, were occupied in and about the work. The engine and thrashing machine were started at about eight o’clock. Shortly before noon they were stopped, and the people sat down to have their dinner. As it was a bitterly cold and windy morning they crowded round the engine for warmth and shelter; and they had not commenced their repast many minutes when the boiler exploded, with the dreadful consequences already mentioned. The killed and wounded were thrown hither and thither, some of them to a considerable distance: the boiler was blown one way, the firebox and tubes another, and the machinery was broken up into fragments and scattered over a wide area. For a space 20 or 30 yards across, the ground was blackened with the mingled fuel, water and smoke. The force of the explosion may be judged of from the fact that the mass of metal forming the boiler and smoke box was thrown across the road, apparently striking upon it and rebounding, and finally alighting in a grass field on the opposite side the road some 45 or 50 yards from the place where the engine had stood. The furnace door was thrown about 40 yards and fell into a dyke adjoining the grass field, and the cylinder fell five or six yards off. The chimney alighted upon the straw stack; the tire of the flywheel fell in one place, and the spokes and axle in another; and the carriage of the engine was doubled up and dashed into the front of the thrashing machine, which of course was much damaged. The explosion was heard at several miles’ distance, and it is stated, was felt at Magdalen; and the Watlington railway station was shaken as by an earthquake. A policeman had passed by the spot where the engine stood, a few yards from the field gate, five or ten minutes before; and Mr Clare, of Watlington, scarcely a minute before the explosion, had driven over that part of the road which was crossed by the boiler; and both these persons may be considered to have had narrow escapes. It does not appear that anyone except some of the unfortunate people in the field witnessed the occurrence; but the loud report and the cloud of smoke and steam told unmistakeably what had happened, and attracted a considerable number of people to the spot; and the extent of the calamity was presently ascertained. The majority of the men were married and had children dependent upon them, as will be seen from the following return of killed and wounded. The latter were promptly attended by Mr Johnson, surgeon of Watlington, and everything was done for them that could be of service.
William Docking, of Watlington, laborer. Leaves a widow and several children.
Robert Baker, Watlington, laborer; also leaves a widow and large family.
James Failes, Watlington, laborer. Widow and one child
John Carter, of Holme, laborer. Widow and two children
Edward Harwin,aged about 12, son of a pointsman at the station.
The injuries these poor fellows sustained were dreadful, and in four cases death must have been instantaneous. Docking, who was the “ feeder”, had his head blown to pieces, and could hardly be recognised; the top part of Bakers head was also blown completely away leaving little more than the lower jaw; Failes was much scalded and fearfully wounded over the right eye; Carters skull was split open and partly blown away, leaving only a portion of the face; Harwin was found scalded to death and buried up in the colder or chaff, Docking’s watch guard was cut in two and part of it found adhering to the cylinder of the engine.
Samuel Miller, of St Germans, publican. He was the engine driver, and had a severe injury of the skull, and concussion of the brain
Henry Failes, of Watlington, laborer (a married man with one child). He had his arm fractured in several places, besides other wounds, was badly scalded all over, and was picked up about 20 yards from the engine.
These two men were removed to the West Norfolk and King’s Lynn Hospital in a very precarious state.
Arthur Chilvers a lad, son of the owner of the engine, was removed to his father’s house in Watlington. He had a bad wound on the temple from which his brain was protruding, and it was scarcely known whether he was dead or not
James Capps, of Watlington (unmarried), very severely scalded and believed to be dying.
Edward Jackson, aged about 13, badly cut about the mouth and nose.
Wm Jary, same age. He was coming into the field at the time with a pail of water, and sustained severe hurt.
Ellis Mayers, aged between 60 and 70, married, but his family grown up. He was steward or bailiff for Mr Easter, and was hurt about the arm and otherwise.
Mary Long, married woman, slightly scalded.
The other two women were Ann Capps and Sarah Docking, both single, and they were the only persons who escaped unhurt. It appears that they were grouped on one side of the engine, and the men on the other, and that on this side the force of the explosion was principally directed
The cases of the unfortunate men Samuel Miller and Henry Failes, who had been conveyed to the Lynn Hospital, had, as anticipated, a fatal termination, Miller dying the same afternoon, and Failes early the following morning.
An inquest was held at the Hospital, on Wednesday afternoon, before E. M. Beloe, Esq., and a respectable jury. After view of the bodies, the following evidence was taken:-
Henry Pearson, police constable, stationed at Watlington, said: I have seen the deceased. They are Henry Failes of Watlington, and Samuel Miller, of St Germans. About half past 11 o’clock yesterday morning I was going along the road towards the station, and Henry Failes called to me and wanted to speak to me. I said I would call when I came back from the station. As soon as I got to the station platform I heard the explosion. I went to the spot directly and found Henry Failes lying about 20 yards from the engine, and Miller lying in amongst the colder, about three or four yards off the engine. When I was going to the station they were busy thrashing in Mr Easters field. The engine stopped just before I got to the station, and about five minutes after that I heard the explosion. Failes and Miller were alive: the former said “Oh don’t hurt my arm”. I assisted in lifting them onto the cart to go to the hospital. When I got to the place after the explosion, three men and a boy were dead, and another man died about five minutes afterwards, Miller was insensible and did not speak at all. I produce the safety valve of the engine, which was found in the field. There were 15 persons in the field altogether. There are seven now dead and five more lying wounded. One woman was somewhat scalded, and two other women escaped. I did not pick up the safety valve. It is in the state in which I received it. I did not see any wire or string attached to it.
Ann Capps, of Watlington, single woman, deposed: I was one of the three women in the field, and was employed drawing the chaff from under the engine. They stopped the engine to have some victuals, I believe about 12 o’clock. We three women sat together on one side of the engine and the men on the other - eleven men and boys together - another boy was fetching water. I don’t think we were a yard from the engine. We sat on the colder, and the men were altogether close against the water tub, whilst the boy was pouring out our beer. I sat on the shafts at first, and one of the men said how silly it was to sit in the wind and I moved onto the colder. It was scarcely five minutes when I heard a cracking, and then there was a quantity of steam and smoke. We could not see anything till it cleared away, and then there were the dead bodies lying. I called Docking but no one answered. We had not stopped ten minutes when it happened. The poor men all had their victuals in their hands. The engine itself was stopped entirely when we left off working. Some of the men were driven yards away from the engine – some into the colder, and some over it, further off. Miller had charge of the engine. I cannot say I saw the lever of the safety valve tied down at all. I did not go to the front of the engine. They were joking that morning, and saying that our engine was laughing at the other engine which was thrashing for Mr Jackson in the next field, and that it never worked so well - it was “going a good one” Miller had tended the engine ever since Mr Bishop bought it of Mr Chilvers.
Mr John Bishop, farmer, Watlington, deposed: I know the engine; she was formerly my property. I bought her new in 1856 of Messrs Claxton and Shuttleworth and parted with her between Michaelmass and Christmas last to John Chilvers. Yesterday morning, I saw her when they were working her on Mr Easters land, at about 10 o’clock. Miller was driving her. The safety valve was tied down with string or tarred cord. I went close up to it. (The witness shewed how the lever was tied, at the end farthest from the fulcrum or joint, and close to the spring.) The string was tied down to the boiler. It was tied tight. When that engine was mine I used not to tie the valve down. I drove it myself about a month since without tying the valve. I did not say anything to the men about it. I might say: “Then you’ve got this tied down again.” Miller made no answer. I referred to an occasion years before when the lever was tied down and I cut the string. Do not know whether Miller was with it then. Miller has driven the engine eight or nine years. I considered him a steady and competent man.
Mr Alfred Dodman, engineer, Lynn, deposed: At the coroners request I have been to Watlington to examine the remains of the engine. I found the fire-box and tubes of it in the field where they had been thrashing, and the barrel and sand box were in the field across the road, a distance of 45 yards. Other parts were scattered all about the field, around the site. The engine was quite smashed up. It would be difficult to say where the first rupture occurred. Some parts of the engine had flown over the place where the women were sitting. The engine had been out 11 years. The iron of which it was made appeared to be of very good quality indeed, and this remark would apply to all the parts. The fractures are torn, and long- not short and crystalline. I do not think the boiler would have exploded under 100lbs. Pressure to the square inch - 45lbs is a fair working pressure. That is what the spring balance was set at the time it was sent out by the makers. I know that because at that time they never sent one out to exceed that pressure. I have heard the evidence of Mr Bishop as to the safety valve. The tying down of the safety valve would prevent the steam escaping, and if the fire was continued, the pressure of steam must increase. When the engine stopped there would be no outlet for the steam, and an explosion must inevitably take place. During the time the engine was at work the steam would have an outlet. When I saw the safety valve, there was a mark on the lever about half an inch wide, as of its having been tied down. Under fair pressure I saw nothing to lead to the belief that the boiler would have exploded. I did not know Miller. He was coming to me about some work on the very day of the explosion. The engine was not supplied by me, but direct from Clayton and Shuttleworth’s, at Lincoln. The tying down the valve was a great indiscretion, and if I saw it done I would discharge the man at once. There was no pressure gauge. Until the last five years it was not customary to supply them with these engines. The safety valve would be sufficient guide if it were not meddled with. Such engines are now furnished by all the leading makers with a lock up safety valve as well as steam pressure indicator, so that it is almost impossible for such an accident to arise from over pressure in a modern engine.
Mr William Wood, district locomotive foreman at Lynn terminus, deposed that he had inspected the remains of the engine with Mr Dodman (Who at that time was a stranger to him): and he corroborated Mr Dodmans evidence. Witness believed he was one of the first who found the safety valve. It was 30 or 35 yards off the engine. No string was then attached to it: but there was a very clear appearance of string having been attached about half an inch from the end of the leaver - which was rusty elsewhere, but at that spot clear of rust. It was most decidedly improper and dangerous in the extreme to tie that leaver down. But for that, the accident would not have happened, as far as he could judge. He thought the cord was stronger than had been represented, or was put over more than once, for the mark was half an inch wide. There was danger when she was working, but less than when she stopped. To keep the valve tied down when the engine was stopped was neither more nor les than suicide. Witness condemned the tying down under any circumstances: and in this case he had no doubt it caused the accident.
Mr S.M.W. Wilson, House surgeon, West Norfolk and Lynn Hospital deposed: The deceased were brought in at one o’clock yesterday. Miller had a fracture of the skull: Failes had fracture of the arm in several places, and of the forearm, and extensive scalds all over the body. Miller was totally insensible, he never regained consciousness, and he died about 4 o’clock the same afternoon. Failes was sensible, but much injured, and reaction never came on at all. He sank gradually. And died at half past 2 o’clock this morning. All the injuries described were probably sustained by the bursting of an engine.
The jury at once returned a verdict that the deceased were accidentally killed by the explosion of an engine boiler, caused by improperly tying down the safety valve. The jury wished to add that they hoped this would be a caution to all persons in charge of steam engines against the extreme danger of such a Practice.
The inquest on the bodies of Robert Baker, William Docking, John Carter, James Failes and Edward Harwin, was opened by T Garneys Wales, Esq., Coroner at the Angel Inn, Watlington, on Tuesday evening. After view of the bodies, which presented a shocking site, Mr Bishop, Ann Capps and P.C. Pearson were examined and gave evidence similar to that given before Mr Beloe at Lynn.
Mr F. W. Johnson, surgeon, Watlington, deposed that hearing the explosion, he drove to the scene of the accident, and found Baker, Docking and Carter lying dead from compound fracture of the skull, and in every case large portions of the brain were gone. Failes and Harwin were also dead, apparently from concussion. Samuel Miller and Henry Failes were both seriously injured, and he sent them at once to Lynn Hospital. Arthur Chilvers had sustained compound fracture of the skull, and was now under witnesses care. Jas Capps, Edward Jackson, James Jary and Ellis Mayers were all seriously injured.
The inquest was then adjourned, and was resumed on Thursday morning. The only witness called was .
Mr Alfred Dodman, engineer, Lynn, who deposed that he had examined the remains of the engine the day after the accident, as described in his evidence at Lynn. The engine had been made about 11 years, and was of 7 horse power, constructed to work at a pressure of 45lbs. to the square inch. The iron appeared to be of a fair quality - for the time it had been at work he would say of a good quality. The thickness of plate was somewhat reduced by deterioration and rust. He saw no cause in the construction of the engine to account for the disaster.
The coroner read to the witness the evidence of Mr Bishop taken on a former occasion. – The witness continued: His conviction as to the cause of the accident was that it was an excessive pressure of steam, in consequence of the safety valve having been inoperative. There had been a good supply of water, or the lead plug would have melted out. The witness produced the safety valve, which he saw about 40 yards from the site of the engine about two hours after the accident. He described the mode of its action, and the mark upon the lever from which he had inferred, before hearing any evidence on the subject, that the lever had been tied down, and that was the cause of the accident.
Mr Boughen, a juror, expressed an opinion that there was some fault or leakage of the safety valve, to remedy which the valve had been tied up
Witness pointed out that the seat of the valve was bright all round, showing that the valve had bedded fairly,
Mr Boughen stated that he understood it was a constant practice to tie down the valve. He wished to ask Mr Dodman whether he had served his full time as an engine fitter.
The Coroner said that had nothing to do with the matter. He might as well ask him (the coroner ) whether he had served his full time.
Mr Dodman explained that if the valve was ineffectual or out of repair, it ought to have been repaired. It was entirely wrong to tie it down. His conviction was that the boiler would not have burst at a less pressure than 100lbs to a square inch, - (By a juror:) He found the lead plug clean, and not incrusted, so that there would have been no impediment to its melting if the water had been too low. There was no incrustation or scale hardly on the boiler or fire-box. Witness added that he had never had anything to do with the engine either in selling or repairing it and he had no interest in it.
The jury returned a verdict that the deaths of the deceased were caused accidentally, casually and by misfortune, by the explosion of the boiler, the safety valve being tied down.
The foreman (MR. Dent) said the jury wished to give a very strong expression of condemnation of the practice which had been allowed. Of tying down safety valves of steam engines; and they were of opinion that a person found so doing ought to be visited with a very severe penalty.
The Coroner said he thought that was a very sensible and just appendix to their verdict.
A juryman said it was their wish also that every engine should be supplied with a lock – up safety valve, so that it could not be tampered with.
We regret to say that the number of deaths is increased to eight by the death of the lad Arthur Chilvers, son of the owner of the engine, which took place on Wednesday morning about 11 o’clock. No further inquest, however, will be necessary. The other four sufferers are we learn, still in a very sad state.
Watlington boiler explosion:-
Subscription lists published in Lynn Advertiser March-/-April 1867
March 25th 1867. Notice page 1 The Watlington Calamity.
The Rev. G. L. Baker and Mr Johnson have formed themselves into a committee, for the receipt, and appropriation of sums which the benevolent may give towards mitigating the sufferings of the families bereaved by the sad event. Donations will be thankfully received by any member of the committee, or they be paid at any of the Lynn banks.
Watlington 21st March 1807
G. L. Barker, The Rectory, Watlington £3 - 3 - 0
John Thornley, Watlington Hall £5 - 0 - 0
F. W. Johnson, Watlington House £3 - 3 - 0
Lynn Advertiser March 30th 1867 The Watlington Calamity
Two committees having been formed, each without the Knowledge of the other, for the receipt and appropriation of sums which the benevolent may give in mitigation of the sufferings of those affected by this sad event, and it being undesirable that two Agencies should be employed in the same work, the two committees have appointed the following committee, by any of whom Donations will be gratefully received; or they may be paid at any of the local Banks and at the office of this paper.
Rev. G. L. Barker, Rectory, Watlington.
Mr W. H. Boyce, Thorpland.
Mr Chas Clare, Watlington.
Mr S. Dent, Watlington.
Rev. H. Edwards, Vicarage, St Germans.
Rev. C. G. Floyd, Rectory, Holme.
F. W. Johnson, Esq Watlington.
Major Marcon, Watlington Hall.
J W Thorley, Esq., Watlington Hall.
SUBSCRIPTIONS ALREADY PAID £ s d
Barker, Rev G .L. ,Watlington. 3 - 3 - 0
J W Thorley, J. Esq., Watlington 5 - 0 - 0
Johnson, F. W. Esq. ,Watlington. 3 - 3 - 0
Johnson, Mrs., The Cottage, Watlington. 1- 10 - 0
Floyd, Rev. C.,Holme 5 - 0 - 0
Boyce, Mr W. H. ,Thorpland 5 - 0 - 0
Wesleyan Chapel, Watlington Collection 1 - 4 - 5 1/4
Davies, Rev. F., Magdalen church collection 5 - 5 - 8
Scarnell, Mr. H. Downham 1- 10 -0
Bray, Mr. John, Lynn 1 - 0 - 0
Gurneys and Co., Lynn 5 - 5 - 0
Stevenson, Mr. T. S. 0 - 5 - 0
Wharton, Mr. Thos., Ringland 0 - 5 - 0
Chambers, Mr., Magdalen. 1 - 1 - 0
Thew, Mr J. D., Lynn 1 - 0 - 0
Peal, Edmund, Esq., Bryn -y -pys 5 - 0 - 0
Hogge and Seppings, Messrs 2 - 0 - 0
Allen and Willis, Messrs., Lynn 1 - 0 - 0
Brown, Mr William, Lynn 0 - 5 - 0
Snowdon, Messrs., Norwich 0 -10 - 0
Cole, Mr. T ,Setch 0 - 5 - 0
Nelson, Miss. Lynn 0 - 5 - 0
Blackie, Mr. Robt. Lynn 0 - 5 - 0
Everard, Mrs., Bath 2 - 0 - 0
Small sums collected by Mr. Watson,
Superintendent of Police, Downham 4 - 5 - 0
Floyd, Rev.C.Church Collections,Runcton Holme 11 -15 - 0
Marcon, Major 3 - 0 - 0
Grover and Humphreys, London 5 - 0 - 0
Edwards, Rev. H., Church collection 1 - 8 - 2
Edwards, Rev. H., by 0 -10 - 0
Gurney Rev. W. 0- 10 - 0
Kendall, Mrs. 0 -10 - 0
Little Mr H. 1- 0 - 0
Fisher, Mrs., Watlington 1 - 0 - 0
Pratt, Rev. Jermyn, Ryston 10 - 0 - 0
Burcham, M. B. Esq. 0 -10 - 0
Marriott, R, Esq. 2 - 0 - 0
A Friend 0 - 5 - 0
Lynes, D. Esq 0 - 5 - 0
Smetham, I. O., Esq 1 - 0 - 0
Blyth, Rev. W., Fincham, collected by
Earl of Leicester Lodge of Odd Fellows 0 -10 - 0
N.B.:- Many have preferred to pay their contributions in the church collections.
A further list of subscriptions will be duly announced
APRIL 7th 1867
The committee beg gratefully to acknowledge the further donations
£ s d
Subscriptions already advertised 99 - 2 - 7 1/4
Failes C. Esq., Magdalen 1 - 0 - 0
Jackson, J. Esq., Lynn 2 - 2 - 0
Gamble, Mrs., Shouldham Thorpe 1 - 0 - 0
Addition to Runcton Holme Subscriptions 0 - 10 - 0
Rev. T. Govett, Alby 0 - 14 -11
Fisher, E., Esq., Massingham 1 - 0 - 0
Laws, Mrs., Lynn 0 - 5 - 0
Dow, Mr. A. G 0 - 10 - 6
Stanton, W., Esq., Houghton 0 - 10 - 0
Lowe, Dr., Lynn 0 - 10 - 0
Barnes, Mr. J. T. 0 - 5 - 0
Thompson, & Co., Ltd., Lynn
Collected by Mr., Clare, Watlington 0 - 10- 0
Betts, Mr., Jas., Watlington 1 - 0 - 0
Clare, Mr., Chas Watlington 1 - 0 - 0
Jackson, M., Watlington 0 - 10 - 0
Boon, Mr., Tottenhill 0 - 5 - 0
Murrel, Mr., Downham 0 - 5 - 0
Friend 0 - 10 - 0
Pinnock, Watlington 0 - 5 - 0
Bowden, Mr., Watlington 0 - 5 - 0
Harply, Mr. J., Crimplesham 0 - 10 - 0
Pridgeon, Mr., Lynn 0 - 5 - 0
Kidman, Mr., Watlington 0 - 5 - 0
Walker, Mr., Lynn 0 - 10 - 0
Vincent, Mr.,J., Lynn 0 - 5 - 0
Hoff, W. G., Esq., Wormegay 0 - 10 - 0
Harrison, J., Watlington 0 - 10 - 0
English, H. H. ,Esq., Peterborough 3 - 0 - 0
Plumb, Mr., A., Wisbech 0 - 5 - 0
English, Mr., A., Wisbech 0 - 5 - 0
Boon, Mr., W., Tottenhill 0 - 5 - 0
Peck, Mr., Marham 0 - 5 - 0
Bird, J. M. Esq., Downham 1 - 0 - 0
Jeffrey, W. W. , Esq., Lynn 1 - 0 - 0
Dawbarn, R., junr., 0 - 10 - 0
Thompson, Mr., A., Tottenhill 0 - 10 - 0
Alflatt, Mr., Tottenhill 0 - 10 - 0
Friends 0 - 8 - 6
Wix, Mr., F., Tottenhill 0 - 10 - 0
Moules, Mr., Downham 1 - 0 - 0
Johnson, Dr. John, Downham 1 - 0 - 0
Hunt, Mr., Lynn 1 - 0 - 0
Fulcher, Mr., West Winch, 0 - 5 - 0
Alflatt, Mr W., Tottenhill 1 - 0 - 0
Hulton, Mrs., Islington Hall, 2 - 0 - 0
Docking, Mr. S., Watlington, 0 - 10 - 0
Atmore, Mr., G., Lynn 0 - 5 - 0
Burlingham, Mr., Lynn, 0 - 5 - 0
Brown, Mr., Tichwell 1 - 0 - 0
Sharpin, Mr., Lynn, 0 - 5 - 0
In sums under 5s = 20
Collected by Mr Jackson, Watlington 12 - 11 - 9
Butterwick, Mr. James 0 - 5 - 0
Nunn, J., Esq 0 - 5 - 0
Casebow & Son, Messrs 0 - 5 - 0
Newman, Mr., 0 - 5 - 0
Wayman, Mr., 0 - 5 - 0
Alflatt, Mr 0 - 5 - 0
Pickford, Mr 0 - 5 - 0
Proctor, Mr. W 0 -10 - 0
Gleaves, Mr James 0 - 5 - 0
Dawbarn & Son 1 - 0 - 0
Wherry, Mr. R 0 - 10 - 0
Dawbarn, R. Esq. 0 - 10 - 0
Jackson, Edward, Esq 1 - 0 - 0
Gregory, J., Esq 0 - 10 - 0
Morton, Mr., 0 - 10 -
Gurneys & Co., Wisbech 2 - 0 - 0
E. Eyre & Co 0 - 10 - 0
Morton, Mr. J 0 - 5 - 0
Amis, Mr., S 0 - 5 - 0
Brighton, Mr. E 0 - 5 - 0
Failes, Mr. W., Tilney 0 - 10 - 0
Failes, Mr. W. 0 - 5 - 0
Currie, Rev. C 0 - 5 - 0
Upwood, Rev. T. T. 0 - 5 - 0
Walker, J., Esq 1 - 0 - 0
Batterham, Mr. Joseph 0 - 5 - 0
And in sums under 5s collected by Miss Bell
Parish of Middleton 18 - 17 - 6
Parish of East Winch 1 - 4 - 7